The world is changing at a rapid pace, globalization has reduced distances, challenges are becoming more and more complex, especially after the Covid19 pandemic. Amidst all these challenges, as a nation, we must ensure that we are respected and valued as a great nation in the eyes of other nations, India being the youngest nation according to the composition of the world’s population. Children are the most important and critical to nation building, because the children of today will be the citizens of tomorrow. To develop the country and its mass it is essential to know, follow and remember some great Indians and their life missions.
According to Swami Vivekananda, “A nation progresses when EDUCATION is diffused among the masses.”
Swami Vivekananda, original name Narendranath Datta, born January 12, 1863 in Calcutta (Kolkata), Hindu spiritual leader and reformer in India who attempted to combine Indian spirituality with Western material progress, claiming that the two complemented and complemented each other complemented. Swami Vivekananda was one of the main exponents of Neo-Vedanta, a modern interpretation of certain aspects of Hinduism in accordance with Western esoteric traditions, especially Transcendentalism, New Thought and Theosophy. Its reinterpretation was, and is, very successful, creating a new understanding and appreciation of Hinduism inside and outside India, and was the main reason for the enthusiastic reception of yoga, transcendental meditation and other forms of Indian spiritual self-improvement in the West.
Swami Vivekananda has always stressed the universal and humanistic side of the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism, as well as the belief in service rather than dogma. He attempted to inject vigor into Hindu thought, putting less emphasis on mainstream pacifism and presenting Hindu spirituality. West. He was an activating force in the movement to promote the philosophy of Vedanta. In 1893 he appeared in Chicago as spokesman for Hinduism in the World Parliament of Religions and so captivated the assembly that a newspaper article described him as “a speaker by divine right and without any arguably the greatest figure in Parliament”. Thereafter, he lectured across the United States and England, making converts to the Vedanta movement.
Upon returning to India with a small group of Western disciples in 1897, Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Mission at Belur Math Monastery near Calcutta (now Kolkata). Perfection and service were his ideals, and the order continued to emphasize them. He adapted and adapted to the 20th century the highest ideals of Vedantic religion, and although he lived only two years after the beginning of this century, on July 4, 1902, he died near Calcutta, but he left the mark of his personality on both East and West.
Ramakrishna Mission (RKM) is a Hindu religious and spiritual organization that forms the nucleus of a global spiritual movement known as the Ramakrishna movement or Vedanta movement. Apart from religious and spiritual education, the organization conducts extensive educational and philanthropic work in India. Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, as a direct result of his own spiritual experiences with various religious disciplines including Christianity and Islam, fully endorsed the Hindu principle that all religions are paths to the same goal. During his lifetime, a small group of devoted disciples grew up around him, among whom the young Narendranath Datta (who later took the name of Vivekananda) was remarkable and was chosen by Ramakrishna as his successor. On May 1, 1897 in Calcutta, Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Mission for social service. Its ideals are based on Karma Yoga. These disciples were also the nucleus of the Ramakrishna math (“monastery”) established at Belur, on the banks of the Ganges near Calcutta, and consecrated in 1898. The Sri Sarada Math, started in Calcutta in 1953.
Ramakrishna Mission is committed to serving humanity regardless of caste, creed, color, race, nationality, gender or any other distinction, in education, health, relief and rehabilitation, etc. for more than a century, since its inception. as early as 1897 by Swami Vivekananda. The sister organizations, Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission, are international organizations with 142 branches in India and 47 branches outside India. In the field of education, the twin organizations operate 1 university (with 4 “off-campus” faculty centers), 12 colleges (including 1 Sanskrit college), 510 schools of various levels, 2 language schools, 4 polytechnics, 6 technical colleges and industrial schools, 86 vocational training centers, 98 homes, 7 orphanages, 2 centers for the handicapped, 1 Vedic education school and 130 non-formal education centers and more centers in the progressive phase. The Vedanta Society of New York City, incorporated in 1898, is the oldest branch of the Ramakrishna mission in the United States. It was born from the lessons taught by Vivekananda during a visit to the United States.
The Math and Mission is committed to serving humanity and has accomplished through a large number of libraries, conferences, talks and seminars, it publishes 22 journals in 15 languages. Books on Vedanta, Message of Sri Ramakrishna, Holy Mother Sarada Devi and Swami Vivekananda, Spirituality and World Religions in almost all major languages of India and some of the important languages of other countries are published in the 18 publishing centers across India. In English alone, more than 1,000 titles are published. Hundreds of titles have been published in almost every regional language, including some tribal languages. There were nearly 178 libraries containing over 22,94,489 books and 4587 newspapers and periodicals. At the start of the 21st century, more than 20 branches were operating in the United States, and there were also centers in Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, Fiji, France, Germany, Japan, in Malaysia, Mauritius, the Netherlands, Russia, Singapore. , South Africa, Sri Lanka, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. In India, mission centers carry out various philanthropic activities, including medical services, educational work, publications, and relief activities.
In the 21st century, when we dream of “Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan”, which translates as “self-reliant India” or “self-sufficient India”, is a policy formulated by the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, to make India a country greater and more important still was the need to follow Swamiji’s words: “A nation progresses when education spreads among the masses. But what was the education he advocated? According to him, “education is the manifestation of the perfection already present in man and what a man ‘learns’ is really what he ‘discovers’ by removing the covering of his own soul, which is a mine of infinite knowledge.” Therefore, he said that our process of education, i.e. teaching in the classrooms, should be such that it helps students to manifest their innate knowledge and power. He promoted a character-building education for man. He said, “We want that education by which character is formed, strength of mind is increased, intellect is broadened, and by which one can stand.” Now, how well do our classrooms, the seat of learning in our education system, meet these educational goals? Is our education system solely focused on livelihoods education or inclusive universal education? Many argue that everything is in place to get a good education. Parents say I put my child in the best school in town. But then, why is there so much agitation among children today at the slightest test in their lives? Marks and money become the criteria for measuring the success of an educated person. Where is the gap?.